What are the symptoms of depression?

There are many genetic, psychological and environmental factors that can cause depression. It is not usually a single incident that triggers depression, but it is important to recognize the signs of depression so you can seek help. Symptoms of depression include:

  • Persistent sad, anxious, or “empty” mood
  • Feelings of hopelessness, pessimism
  • Feelings of guilt, worthlessness, helplessness
  • Loss of interest or pleasure in hobbies and activities that were once enjoyed, including sex
  • Decreased energy, fatigue, being “slowed down”
  • Difficulty concentrating, remembering, making decisions
  • Insomnia, early-morning awakening, or oversleeping
  • Appetite and/or weight loss or overeating and weight gain
  • Thoughts of death or suicide; suicide attempts
  • Restlessness, irritability
  • Persistent physical symptoms that do not respond to treatment, such as headaches, digestive disorders, and chronic pain

Types of Therapy for Depression

Studies surrounding depression therapy conclude that psychotherapy can affect the areas of the brain that deal with emotional regulation, which improve brain function. These recent studies show that drugs are not always required when treating people coping with depression. There are different types of depression counselling and therapy available to address each individual case. Types of depression treatments include: Interpersonal Therapy, Cognitive Therapy, Behavioural Therapy and Psychodynamic Therapy.  When appropriate, therapy techniques are combined to effectively target depression problems.

Postpartum Depression

Postpartum depression is depression that may start during pregnancy or at any time up to a year after the birth of a child. A parent experiencing postpartum depression may not enjoy the baby, and have thoughts around harming themselves or their baby.

Taking care of a new baby is difficult enough, and having to cope with postpartum depression can be entirely overwhelming. Therapy for postpartum depression often includes cognitive-behavioural therapy or interpersonal psychotherapy. Postpartum depression treatment can also incorporate medication such as antidepressants. If you think you are experiencing depression, find a therapist through our directory to begin the depression counselling process.

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